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Residency permit 

  • Überblick

    For entry into Germany and residency, foreign nationals generally require the appropriate permission, which is issued in the form of a residency permit.

    There are five different types of residency permit:

    1.    Residency permit (issued for a limited period)

    2.    Permanent residency permit (unlimited in terms of time and location); entitles the holder to work)

    3.    EU permanent residency permit

    4.    EU blue card

    5.    Visa (Schengen visa or national visa)

    Overview

    For entry into Germany and residency, foreign nationals generally require the appropriate permission, which is issued in the form of a residency permit.

    There are five different types of residency permit:

    1.    Residency permit (issued for a limited period)

    2.    Permanent residency permit (unlimited in terms of time and location); entitles the holder to work)

    3.    EU permanent residency permit

    4.    EU blue card

    5.    Visa (Schengen visa or national visa)

          “EU blue card Germany” residency permit

          Permanent residency for highly-qualified persons

          Apply for EU permanent residency permit

    Who do I have to contact?

    You can obtain further details on entry and residency from the locally responsible Foreigners’ Registration Office (district authorities and mayor’s office of independent towns and district towns with populations of more than 50,000).

    Point of contact:

    Federal Ministry of the Interior – Citizens’ service

    Address
    Graurheindorfer Straße 198
    53117 Bonn, Stadt
    Telephone  +49 228 - 99681-0
    Office hours: Mon: 7 am - 8 pm, Tues: 7 am - 8 pm, Wed: 7 am - 8 pm, Thurs: 7 am - 8 pm, Fri: 7 am - 8 pm
    Email: buergerservicebmi.bundde

    Details

    Legal foundations

    Section 7 Residence act (AufenthG)

    Notes

    Who requires a residency permit to work in Germany?

    Foreign nationals who are not from the EU or the EEA or Switzerland require a residency permit allowing employment, if they want to be employed or self-employed in Germany. Employees from the new EU member states may generally work in Germany during the transition period with only an EU work permit.

    What exceptions are there to the residency permit?

    Foreign nationals generally require a residency permit for entering and residing in the Federal Republic of Germany. Citizens of the EU are exempt from this obligation. Further exceptions are regulated in the Residency Ordinance (Aufenthaltsverordnung). This means that, for example, citizens of certain countries do not require a residency permit for a stay in Germany of up to 3 months, provided they have a valid passport and do not wish to work.

    What basis is there for the legal status of foreign nationals?

    The legal status of foreign nationals from so-called third countries, i.e. countries that do not belong to the EU, to the EEA or to Switzerland, is based on the Residence act (AufenthG) and the ordinances enacted in accordance with it. The status of EU citizens and citizens of the EEA (Norway, Iceland, Liechtenstein) is based on the EU Freedom of movement act, and the status of Swiss nationals on the EU Freedom of movement agreement.

    Further information:

    Further information from the Federal Office for Migration and Refugees

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